An underactive thyroid, commonly called hypothyroidism, secretes a low amount of thyroid hormone. This condition affects your metabolism rate by slowing it down. This concern may contribute to a number of health conditions, like heart disease, obesity, fatigue, depression, infertility. You may not notice symptoms of hypothyroidism early on. But if we talk of early signs, that may be weight gain and fatigue. Besides medical care, strategic lifestyle choices are crucial in order to manage this disorder. Consult the top general physician in Siliguri for thyroid disorders.
What are the signs of hypothyroidism?
The prominent signs of hypothyroidism tend to appear slowly. And depending on the level of deficiency of hormones, you develop symptoms.
The following are signs:
- Too much sensitivity to cold
- Numbing sensations in the hands
- Weight gain
- Dry skin
- Rough hair
- Hair thinning
- Muscle weakness
- Puffy eyes
- Increased cholesterol levels
- Joint pain
- Muscle aches
- Depressed mood
- Irregular periods
- Heavy periods
- Slow heart rate
Regardless of gender and ethnicity, hypothyroidism can affect anyone. Such a condition can result in fertility complications if it remains poorly treated. Studies have stated that this disorder can be responsible for causing erectile dysfunction in men. For women, complications may include abnormal menstrual cycles, anemia, and pregnancy difficulty. In infants, hypothyroidism can cause:
- Slow growth
- Excessive sleepiness
- Swelling around eyes
- Hearing impairment
- Weak muscle tone
- Poor feeding
- Hoarse cry
Children or teens may have signs such as – poor development, delayed puberty, sluggishness, constipation, itchy scalp, weight gain, et al. Getting these signs do not pinpoint thyroid disorder only, but other health conditions too. So, it’s best to seek medical consultancy earlier.
Hypothyroidism and Fertility Issues
If you have been diagnosed with hypothyroidism, be more mindful of your lifestyle. Fertility is always a concern with thyroid issues. Findings have linked this condition to the risk of infertility or pregnancy complications.
Low levels of thyroid hormone may disturb the egg-releasing from the ovary. For pregnant women concerns may entail low birth weights, miscarriage, placenta abnormalities, anemia, preeclampsia, etc. Males with hypothyroidism are likely to develop erectile dysfunction, poor semen quality, low libido, low L, sperm count, and sperm motility. Medical consultancy is of immense importance in order to improve fertility.
Knowing the Risk Factors
Given below are possible contributing factors for hypothyroidism:
- Being female
- Family history
- Personal history of type 1 diabetes or rheumatoid arthritis
- Radiation therapy to the neck
- Thyroid surgery
- Older than 60
Medical Care for Hypothyroidism
In order to determine if you have a hypothyroid disorder, a general physician may go for blood tests to know the TSH, T3, and T4 levels. Plus, your doctor conducts a physical exam so as to rule out your overall health.
Help your doctor in diagnosis by informing him of the medication or supplements you’re on these days. Not everyone intake supplements, however. Tell all your discomforts to the physician on appointment. Have optimal guidance from the best physician and diabetologist in Siliguri.
Treatment for hypothyroidism involves prescribing synthetic thyroid medicines. These are oral meds that aid in fulfilling the deficiency. Doctors also suggest dietary choices as foods are also medicines. Avail of absolute health advice provided by one of the leading specialists in town.